Spanish Grammar For Beginners, Spanish Grammar Guide, Easy Way To Learn Spanish Grammar

Learning Spanish Grammar For Beginners : Simple Guide to Tricky Concepts

Many language learners find learning Spanish grammar intimidating, but it is necessary to develop language proficiency. Spanish grammar for beginners can be difficult to understand and use correctly because there are many rules to learn, but with practice and instruction, it can become simpler.

The most crucial facets of Spanish grammar, such as verb conjugation, noun and adjective agreement, pronouns, and prepositions, will be covered in this thorough guide. You will have a firm grasp of Spanish grammar and better communicate in the language by the time you finish reading this article.

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Rule No. 1: Gender in Spanish

In English, each noun is named with the pronoun “the.” 

When you learn that Spanish is a gendered language—nouns have one of them—basic grammar quickly becomes challenging. And the pronouns, articles, and adjectives in the vicinity reflect that.

Spanish words can have either a masculine or feminine gender. Even though it may seem strange, the kitchen “ La Cocina” is a feminine noun and the bathroom  “ el baño” is a masculine one.

Why? Well, it relates to the development of language. In fact, some languages have three, four, or even five genders, so it is not at all unusual.

So how can you tell whether a word is feminine or masculine? You can generally tell by looking at its conclusion:

El abogado, which means “the masculine lawyer,” is an example of a word that most likely has a -o ending.

It is probably feminine (la abogada) if the word ends in -a.

Of course, there are exceptions—quite a few, in fact.

Many words that end with “-a” and are considered to be masculine include “el problema” (the problem) and “el cura” (the priest). It is also very significant in this instance because it enables us to distinguish it from la cura (the cure). 

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Rule No. 2: There Are Three Conjugations for Verbs

Verbs are the words we use to describe processes, actions, or states that have an impact on both people and inanimate objects.

Verbs are frequently used, just like in English, and the same is true in Spanish. However, not every verb is the same, and not every verb is conjugated in the same way.

The main categories of Spanish verb conjugation are:

Verbs ending in -ar, such as cantar (to sing) and amar (to love), are the first conjugation.

Verbs with a -er ending, such as comer (to eat) and beber (to drink), are in the second conjugation.

Verbs ending in -ir, such as partir (to leave), fall under the third conjugation.

Rule No. 3: Verbs Have Modes 

Verbal modes express the speaker’s position with respect to what is said.

Three distinct modes are present:

  • Indicative. This mode is used to express concrete actions, such as those that are occurring right now, have already occurred, or will occur. As an illustration, use the phrases Hoy es un día muy bonito (Today is a beautiful day), Ayer fui al parque (I went to the park yesterday), or Maana daré un importante examen (I will have an important exam tomorrow).

  • Subjunctive. When expressing desired or potential actions: Desire that you were here, or Espero que no llueva mañana (I hope it does not rain tomorrow).

  • Imperative. It is used to convey instructions or requests: “Tell Maria I will call her tomorrow,” “Dile a Mara que maana la llamaré,” “Work hard and you will get your reward, so say the proverb.

Rule No. 4: Spanish Has A Lot Of Past Tenses

The past tenses can be used in a variety of ways in Spanish, including

A punctual past action, or an action that occurred and ended at a specific time, is expressed using the pretérito indefinido. For example, Me casé en 2020 (I got married in 2020).

An action from the past that lacks such predetermined boundaries is known as a pretérito imperfecto. Take an example: Cuando era niño, jugaba mucho con mis primos (When I was a child, I played a lot with my cousins).

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Rule No. 5: The Subject Does Not Have To Be Used In Every Sentence

Avoid using pronouns in every sentence if you want to sound more natural when speaking Spanish.

The verb conjugations in Spanish contain so much information that the pronoun is unnecessary.

For example:

I write a book: Escribo un libro (implied subject: Yo). 

He/she draws a tree: Dibuja un árbol (implied subject: Él or ella).

Rule No. 6: English word order is used in Spanish.

Given that Spanish and English share a similar syntactic structure, word order in sentences should not be a major concern: SVO (subject + verb + object):

Rule No. 7: In English, statements and questions have the same structure.

The context and intonation you use are frequently the only differences between a statement and a question in Spanish. This indicates that, unlike in English, the order of the sentences does not need to be altered.

For example

¿Te vas a comer esa naranja? Are you going to eat that orange?

Rule No. 8: Not All Nations Employ The Pronoun Tu.

It is always you when speaking in the second person singular in English, regardless of whether we are addressing a person we know well, such as a friend, or a person we should show deference to, such as a professor.

But depending on the situation, you will use either tu or vos as a second-person singular pronoun in Spanish.

Here is an illustration using the phrase “You have a job that you love”: 

However, there is still more! There are a few nations, including Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua, where the pronoun vos is used instead of tu. 

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Rule No. 9: Adjectives Come After The Noun

Adjectives are always placed before the noun they describe in English, as in “a red dress,” “a round table,” and “a beautiful day.”

However, Spanish adjectives are most often used in conjunction with nouns to express:

Color: ¿Te gusta mi camiseta roja? (Do you like my red shirt?).

Shape or size: Me compré un auto enorme (I bought a huge car).

Adjectives can sometimes come before nouns, as long as you are writing in a more formal or even literary register.

Rule No. 10: Accent marks are used in Spanish

Tildes, or accent marks, are frequently used above vowels in Spanish.

They are essential because a single word or even a sentence’s meaning can be completely altered by them. 

Now let us look at when the accent mark is used in Spanish:

  • Agudas words. The final syllable of canción (song), limón (lemon), or señor (sir) is stressed. A vowel—an N or an S—has an accent.
  • Grave words. The penultimate syllable of the words árbol (tree), gato (cat), and azúcar (sugar) is stressed. If they do not end in a vowel, an N, or an S, they only have the accent mark.
  • Esdrújula words. The antepenultimate syllable is stressed in the following words: murciélago (bat), cartílago (cartilage), or lágrima (tear). They are always marked with an accent.

Final Thoughts on Spanish Grammar Basics

You have made it to the last section of our primer on the fundamentals of basic Spanish grammar.  There are many more rules, some of which are quite difficult, but you will eventually be able to apply them all. 

Apart from Spanish grammar rules, Spanish pronunciation is equally important to speak the language fluently. 

How Can Spanish Vidya Aid in Spanish Proficiency?

You probably noticed that while this article only gave a cursory overview of Spanish grammar for beginners, There’s still a lot to learn when it comes to the details. 

Do you think you need more assistance with Spanish grammar rules? On Spanish Vidya, you can register to access a wealth of lessons on just about any subject related to Spanish. Give online Spanish classes a try, and you’ll start learning Spanish like never before!

Tell us in the comments what part of Spanish grammar you find the most challenging in the interim. We are eager to hear from you and will do everything we can to assist.


1. Why is it important to learn Spanish grammar rules?

For effective communication in Spanish, it is crucial to learn grammar rules. It can be challenging to communicate your intended meaning without a firm grasp of the language’s grammar, and you might not be able to express yourself as clearly as you would like.

2. What are some basic Spanish grammar principles?

There are many grammar rules in Spanish, but some of the most crucial ones are knowing how to conjugate verbs, agreeing on nouns and adjectives, and using articles.

3. How do I retain the grammar rules in Spanish?

Spanish grammar rules can be remembered in a variety of ways, including by practising with exercises and quizzes, reading and listening to Spanish texts, and other methods. 

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